Sabah IV Al-Ahmad Al-Jaber Al-Sabah (Arabic: صباح الأحمد الجابر الصباح Ṣabāḥ al-ʼAḥmad al-Jābir aṣ-Ṣabāḥ; born 16 June 1929) is the Emir of Kuwait. Sheikh Sabah was sworn in on 29 January 2006 after confirmation by the National Assembly of Kuwait. He succeeded Jaber III al-Ahmad al-Jaber al-Sabah, who was the Emir and thirteenth Sheikh of Kuwait, serving from 31 December 1977 until his death on 15 January 2006. Sheikh Sabah is the fourth son of Emir Ahmad Al-Jaber Al-Sabah. He is the head of the ruling House of Sabah family.

Kuwait, officially the State of Kuwait i/kuːˈweɪt/ (Arabic: دولة الكويت‎ Dawlat al-Kuwayt ), is a sovereign Arab state situated in the north-east of the Arabian Peninsula in Western Asia. It lies on the north-western shore of the Persian Gulf and is bordered by Saudi Arabia to the south (at Khafji) and Iraq to the north (at Basra). The name Kuwait is derived from the Arabic أكوات ākwāt, the plural of كوت kūt, meaning “fortress built near water”. The country covers an area of 17,820 square kilometers (6,880 square miles) and has a population of about 3.5 million.

Kuwait is a constitutional monarchy and has the oldest directly elected parliament among the Arab states of the Persian Gulf. Currently the country is under the reign of the Al Sabah family. The head of state is the Emir or Sheikh, a hereditary office.

The Emir of Kuwait can dissolve the National Assembly and call a national election, or in cases of national emergency can dismiss the National Assembly outright and assume supreme authority over the country. The Emir is the commander in chief of Kuwait’s armed forces. The Emir has authority to grant pardon from the death penalty or prison.

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